Australian macadamia industry sees fastest growth since the 1990's: HTW

Australian macadamia industry sees fastest growth since the 1990's: HTW
Staff ReporterDecember 7, 2020

The Australian nut industry reached a record high $1,045,000,000 in exports for the 2018/19 year, according to the recently released ABS report.

Property valuation firm Herron Todd White (HTW) found that the industry is currently experiencing its largest expansion in a decade, with industry value is split almost equally between domestic and imported product.

The most prominent nut products produced in the country are almonds, macadamia, walnuts, pecans, chestnuts, pistachio, and hazelnuts..

Australia currently exports nuts to around 55 countries, but a range of new free trade agreements currently in negotiation are bringing further optimism to all facets of the industry. 


Macadamias are grown along the eastern seaboard of New South Wales and Queensland, from Port Macquarie in the south, through to the Atherton Tablelands in the north - About half of the Australian crop is produced in NSW and half in QLD.

HTW found that production is expanding most rapidly in Bundaberg (QLD), and the Clarence Valley (NSW).

New plantings are also being developed in Mackay, Maryborough and Emerald in Queensland and in the Richmond Valley in NSW.

The industry is in the middle of its fastest growth since the early 1990s. Bundaberg became the single largest growing region in 2016.

The recent resurgence in new plantings has seen almost 1.5 million trees or 5,000 ha established in the last five years. 

There are currently around 8 million macadamia trees under cultivation. Of these, about one third are yet to reach full production. 

By 2025 about 30,000 ha will be planted to macadamias with kernel production of over 22,000 tonnes, or 70,000 tonnes inshell. Export value is expected to exceed $400 million.

Global demand currently exceeds supply however the property valuation firm estimates that global supply may triple in the next 7 years.

The biggest growth in demand is currently coming from Asia, where urban consumers are focussed on health, convenience and new products.

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