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The Ultimate Guide to Buying an Investment Property for 2019

The Ultimate Guide to Buying an Investment Property for 2019

Are you thinking of purchasing an investment property? Great idea! However, the decision to do it is the easy part. Which property, in which area, at what price; these are the tough questions.

Making the right choice when purchasing your investment is crucial as you will want to experience the best return possible for your money.

This guide exists to help you achieve that. We have compiled all of the necessary information to ensure that your property portfolio yields great returns, and allows you to foster its growth.

Why buy an investment property?

Surely these days your money is better invested in bitcoin or gold bullion, right? Not really. The reason why investment properties are a widely used investment strategy in Australia is because of our market.

It is relatively safe and less volatile when compared to other investment strategies. However, as with any investment, there is a level of risk, and mitigating them is the key to success.

Pros and Cons of Buying an Investment Property

Pros Cons
Rental income Rental income may be less than the mortgage repayments
Capital growth There are extra expenses
The interest on an investment loan is tax deductible The property market dictates your success
The market is relatively steady If you are in a bind, you can't sell part of your investment
Your investment exists in a physical sense, unlike shares You may be up for significant costs if you cannot find tenants
Expenses (including depreciation) can also be claimed on tax It's an expensive market to enter

Knowing where to buy

The Ultimate Guide to Buying an Investment Property for 2019
Map of Properties in Australia

Property values will always fluctuate, and there are no safe bets when it comes to location. As at the end of October 2018, Sydney and Melbourne, two very popular locations experienced  a drop in their market value, whereas Hobart and Canberra, arguably less popular destinations saw significant growth.

To help make an informed decision, consider the following factors when looking at the location of your investment:

Plan for growth
If you research the upcoming development infrastructure of an area and see there is plenty of it planned, this could be a good sign that your investment will grow in value quicker as the suburb or city experiences population growth.
Rental amounts
Property value vs. expected rent, find areas where people pay high prices for rent in dwellings that aren't too pricey.
Low to no vacancy
The vacancy rates of a location will tell you how popular the area is and how hard it may be for you to find tenants.
Pick somewhere you know
You'll spend less time researching areas you are familiar with and may have some local knowledge that you couldn't find online. Look into the recent sale prices to get an idea of what the market in that region is doing.

Knowing What is the Best Property to Invest in 

Deciding on the area is one thing, but what about the actual house or apartment? This is the second part of finding the right investment, consider:

  • Desirable features: Consider the elements that will make people want to live in your property, like being close to shops and public transport, a well-sized and usable  balcony area and plenty of storage space.
  • Consider your target: A small apartment in the city may sound cool in a great location, but you are crossing families, and older couples off your list of potential renters, and those segments have money to spend. Consider which people and stages of life will be in your rental market.
  • Easy maintenance: Remember that as the landlord, you need to fix the things that go wrong with the property, you may find an older home that looks beautiful for a great price, but it may have more significant issues and costs to deal with than something newer.
  • Strata and body corporate: Keep in mind that the attractive price tag of an apartment or unit becomes less attractive when a big yearly strata fee comes with it.

6 Steps to Get You Started with Property Investment

This may or may not come as a shock to you, but property investment requires money. A fair bit of it. So, the following checklist is critical before you start heading to open houses:

  1. Understand your finances (expenses vs. income)
  2. Acquire pre-approval (know how much you can spend)
  3. Know what equates to success (what are your goals with this investment?)
  4. Budget (it’s the age of smashed avocado or house deposits after all)
  5. Form a purchase plan
  6. Do your research (Delete Angry Birds and download some real estate apps, this is your new pastime)

Property Investor Buyer’s Checklist

1. Understand your finances (expenses vs. income  
2. Acquire pre-approval (know how much you can spend)  
3. Know what equates to success (what are your goals with this investment)  
4. Budget (it's the age of smashed avocado or house deposits after all)  
5. Form a purchase plan  
6. Do your research (Use the Urban search option)  

The final thing to do is maintain your level of focus. Sometimes property purchase can seem a little overwhelming or too hard, but you need to remember it is a long play and it will pay off.

Future you will be thrilled with the small sacrifices you decide to make now.

What are the Costs of purchasing property investment?

The Ultimate Guide to Buying an Investment Property for 2019
Investment Property 2019

Unfortunately, the significant cost of actually buying property is only the beginning of the money pit that is to follow.

Don't be scared by this however, as we can let you know what costs to expect, and how to actually use them to your advantage.

What Costs Should I consider when Budgeting?

The initial purchase of your new investment, aside from the main price, will include stamp duty and conveyancing fees. There will also more than likely be legal costs and building reports on top of this, as well as some other smaller search fees.

Once you handle the blow of the biggest cheque you have printed to date, there are some ongoing costs to consider:

1. Management of the property

You may decide to handle your own property management or hand it over to a professional property manager (recommended) which will incur a fee of a certain percentage of your rent.

You will also have to pay council and water rates, landlord insurance, land tax, repairs and maintenance costs and in some cases, strata.

2. Insurance

The good news is, you don't have to worry about contents insurance, you will however need building/landlords insurance.

This protects you from loss of rent and damages or building replacement.

You may also find yourself with common areas which need extra insurance split amongst all owners of the properties that share the land. All insurances are tax deductible.

3. Repairs and maintenance

Remember earlier how we mentioned that older houses might not be the best purchase option?

This is why. If something stops working at your property, from a leaking shower to the oven, you need to organise its replacement.

Should I sell my property and when it’s time to sell?

If you feel that it might be a good time to cash in on your investment, or if you are left with no choice but to sell, you will need to account for agent's fees, advertising costs, and legal fees.

Then there is the kicker; if you have done well and made money on your investment, capital gains tax is there for one final monetary sting before you move on.

Tax and positive or negative gearing

Along with capital gains, you will need to add your rental income to your regular income when tax time rolls around. The good news is, the expenses above, along with the interest on your loan are added to your costs.

If this outweighs the money you are making on your investment, then you are negative gearing and tax time may actually be something you look forward to. The flip side of this is, of course, positive gearing if your income is higher than your interest and expenses.

How to Choose the right property to invest in

The Ultimate Guide to Buying an Investment Property for 2019
Volaire West Melbourne

The aim for your investment property should be great returns, not only when selling but also with rent. A big part of this is buying (and selling) when the property market benefits you the most.

Buy when it dips, sell when it rises. Good investors know which stage the property market for their region is at.

Why is Location Important and How to choose

Location, location, location. Those high returns you want will be far easier to attain if your investment is in a good position. Decide this by its proximity to:

  • Schools and/or Universities
  • Public transportation and facilities
  • Public Open Space such as parks, sports fields etc
  • Shops and activities (restaurants, café, bars)

Just as there are things you want to be close to, there are things you want to be away from. Busy and loud traffic areas or train tracks, manufacturing, and public transport dead zones.

The best property for investing

As we mentioned earlier, the more desirable your location and property are, the easier it will be to sell or find tenants. Research the demographics of an area to understand who might be looking to live there and what appeals to them.

For example, if the age demographic is older, don't choose the property across the road from the bar. It may sound like a great spot to you, but your potential tenants might disagree.

Acquiring a great return

Your personal preferences and likes should go out the window when purchasing an investment property, finances and logic are all you need.

The highest possible return should be your deciding factor over aesthetics and features. You don't want to be stuck with an investment that doesn't bring in any rent.

The property cycle - why is it important?

The Ultimate Guide to Buying an Investment Property for 2019
Property Buying Cycle

As we mentioned earlier, understand the movements of the property market is vital to your success.

To help, we have outlined the different stages of the cycle, so you know what to look out for.

The four phases of the property cycle:

1. The Boom Phase

Of the four phases, this is the quickest. It may take a little while to get going but when it does prices will rise rapidly.

This is the best time to sell as properties will go for more than the asking price a the competition thickens. As things get to an oversaturated state, the next phase begins.

2. The Slump Phase

All of the excess created by the boom phase leads to the slump phase. Too many builders and developers got involved during the boom; there is plenty of properties for rent and not enough people to fill them.

Rental and property prices can begin to decline, and people try to sell their properties that aren't bringing in the rent, often for less than what they are worth.

3. The Stabilisation Phase

In between phases we often see an element of stabilisation.

The property game is a slow-paced one, so there is always a nice plateau where people can catch their breaths and go on holiday.

4. The Upturn Phase

The upturn phase reverses the damage of the slump phase as things start to improve.

Property and rental values will begin to rise with everything at a reasonable price.

Everyone is happy as we brace for another boom phase and the cycle repeats.

Next Steps in your Real Estate Investment Journey

The Ultimate Guide to Buying an Investment Property for 2019
Apartment Investment in 2019

Once you are off and running, you will need to decide between managing the property yourself or hiring a property manager. Before you think it will be easy to handle yourself, consider the following:

  • You'll need to find and screen tenants
  • If not paid, you have to chase up the rent
  • All maintenance issues need to be dealt with including tracking down the best quotes and ensuring work shave been completed
  • You'll need to perform regular inspections
  • You need to keep track of all expenses for tax

The benefits of a property manager

You may decide that the property management fee is well worth saving the time and hassle of the tasks above.

Property managers work for you, and it is their responsibility to acquire the maximum rental income and find high-quality tenants while making sure they look after your property.

A good property manager will:

  • Have a few years of experience in the role
  • Be able to provide a comparison of rental values in the market
  • Advise and obtain the optimal rental return
  • Review and present high-quality potential tenants
  • Represent you in court if required
  • Advise of maintenance or repairs and source tradespeople at a fair cost
  • Provide financial statements including an end-of-financial-year summary of all expenses and income

Property Management Fees that you need to consider about

Most property managers will charge a percentage of your rental income to cover the services they offer. The following table gives a rough estimate of fees charged per state.

The Ultimate Guide to Buying an Investment Property for 2019
Property Management Fees - Australia

Summary

Now that you have read our ultimate guide to buying an investment property have you been scared off?

If so, it may not be the right time for you to make such a significant investment.

On the other hand, if this information has charged you up and excited you, then onward and upward!

Refer to this guide and follow the process carefully and you will be well on your way to becoming a property mogul, ordering as much smashed avocado as your heart desires.

Best of luck!

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