Consumer sentiment stabilises: Bill Evans

Consumer sentiment stabilises: Bill Evans
Consumer sentiment stabilises: Bill Evans


This month’s small gain follows a 5.2% fall through August and September. During that period the boost from the tax cuts announced in the May budget had faded while the leadership change; mortgage rate increases; declining house prices and rising petrol prices were weighing on confidence.

It is encouraging that these negatives seem to have, at least for the time being, run their course. Several positives have likely helped stabilise the Index, including strong economic growth, a solid labour market and ongoing recoveries in the previously weak mining states.

The net effect has seen the headline index holding slightly above the 100 line indicating that optimists are just outnumbering pessimists. The slight ascendency of optimists has been the case for 11 consecutive months since December 2017. That contrasts with the previous 12 months between December 2016 and November 2017 when the Index registered below 100 for 11 of those 12 months.

Concerns around interest rates and house prices are still apparent. The sub-group detail showed sentiment amongst households with a mortgage continued to weaken in October, dipping a further 0.8% to be down 6.4% over the last two months. Interestingly, the breakdown by voter group suggests some of the negative sentiment impact from the change in Prime Minister in late August may have reversed with confidence amongst those identifying as Coalition voters recovering about two thirds of the 6.4% drop recorded in September.

Most index components recorded small gains in October. Assessments of family finances showed the most promising revival. The ‘finances vs a year ago’ sub-index rose 2.6% to be comfortably above levels this time last year, albeit still a couple of percentage points below the highs seen earlier this year. The forward view is less convincing. The ‘finances, next 12 months’ sub-index only edged up 0.6% and is 4.1% below its high following the announcement of the tax cuts in the Budget in May.

Consumer expectations for the economy also showed mixed moves. The ‘economic outlook, next 12 months’ sub-index posted a solid 2.3% rally but longer term expectations continued to soften. The ‘economic outlook, next 5years’ sub-index is now down 9.1% from the five year high recorded back in July.

Consumer sentiment stabilises: Bill Evans

Spending-related sentiment showed little change on the relatively downbeat tone in recent months. The ‘time to buy a major household item’ sub-index inched 0.1% higher but is still around the lowest levels seen since November last year.

Labour market expectations, which were a notable bright spot in the weak September survey, softened a touch in October. The Westpac Melbourne Institute Unemployment Expectations Index lifted 1.7% (recall that higher reads mean more consumers expect unemployment to rise in the year ahead). Despite this, the index still shows a clear improvement from the softer reads through June-July-August with a solid 5% improvement on a year ago. Most of this is coming from a more balanced performance across the major states, with a particularly dramatic turnaround in labour market expectations in Western Australia.

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Consumer sentiment stabilises: Bill Evans

Consumer views around housing continue to deteriorate. The ‘time to buy a dwelling’ index slipped a further 0.9% following September’s 4.8% fall, unwinding all of the 5.5% gain in August. Despite the weakening, buyer sentiment is still well above the lows seen through mid-2017.

Consumer expectations for house prices posted another sharp fall in October. The Westpac Melbourne Institute Index of House Price Expectations dropped 7.4% to 101.4, taking the index below its 2015 low point to the weakest level since the first month the survey question was run, in May 2009. The state detail showed a particularly sharp 20.3% drop in Victoria, suggesting the price correction in Melbourne, which has been slower to come through than in Sydney, is starting to bite.

Bill Evans is the Chief Economist for Westpac

Bill Evans Consumers

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