Property 101: The new NCC rules and the new AFSL regime

Property 101: The new NCC rules and the new AFSL regime
Property 101: The new NCC rules and the new AFSL regime

GUEST OBSERVER

The Government recently released for public consultation the third round of exposure draft legislation and explanatory material to lower the annual non-concessional contributions (‘NCCs’) cap to $100,000 and restrict eligibility to make NCCs to individuals with superannuation balances below $1.6 million from 1 July 2017.

While this legislation is in exposure draft form only (and has not yet been introduced in Parliament as a Bill) it’s important for advisers and those hoping to get some more money into super by way of NCCs to become familiar with the latest proposals. If the latest proposals get finalised as law, they may be effective from 1 July 2017, leaving a small window of opportunity for people to act.

Perhaps the most time sensitive change is the lowering of the annual NCC cap to $100,000 (down from $180,000) for FY2017 and the corresponding reduction in the amount allowed to be contributed under the three year bring forward rule (the current amount is $540,000 – this is to be lowered to $300,000 from 1 July 2017 subject to transitional rules).

The other key change is the requirement that an individual must have a total superannuation balance (‘TSB’) immediately before the start of each financial year (‘FY’) of less than the general transfer balance cap which is $1.6 million for FY2018 - to be indexed in increments of $100,000 - to be eligible to make further NCCs.

From 1 July 2017, if a member has a TSB of more than $1.6 million on the prior 30 June they will be precluded from making further NCCs.

The practical implication of this, simply put, is that a lot of people may want to make contributions prior to 1 July 2017. However, the complexity of the new proposals means that expert advice and, in particular, appropriate advice – bearing in mind the Australian financial services licence (‘AFSL’) rules – needs to be provided.

The importance of timing is probably best illustrated by a practical example.

First, let’s compare the current position with the proposed changes.

Under the current law, we have an annual NCCs cap of $180,000. Under the current bring forward rule, the total NCCs cap for the current FY and the next two FYs of $540,000, provided that:

· NCCs in that first FY exceeded $180,000

· the member did not trigger the bring forward rule in any of the two prior FYs and

· the member is under age 65 at any time during the first FY.

However, the following changes are proposed from 1 July 2017:

· The three year bring forward rule is retained but the annual $180,000 NCCs cap is to be reduced to an annual $100,000 NCCs cap.

· Individuals with total super balances of greater than $1.6 million on each prior 30 June are unable to make NCCs in next FY.

· Transitional rules apply, meaning that if an individual has triggered the bring forward rule and has not fully used their NCCs bring forward amount before 1 July 2017, the remaining bring forward amount will be reduced on 1 July 2017 to reflect the new annual caps.

 So, how does this work in practice?

Take Jane. Jane is under 65, and has not triggered the bring forward rule in FY2015 or FY2016. She had $100,000 in super on 1 July 2016, and made a NCC of $200,000 on 25 October 2016. She now wants to (and is in a position to do so) make further NCCs.

If Jane makes another NCC before 1 July 2017, she can contribute a further $340,000 (as she gets the benefit of the full $540,000 bring forward cap).

But if Jane waits until 1 July 2017 to make a further NCC, the maximum amount she can contribute is a further $180,000. Why? Because as Jane did not fully use her NCC bring forward amount before 1 July 2017, the remaining bring forward amount is reduced on 1 July 2017 to reflect the new caps. The bring forward cap on 1 July 2017 is $380,000, so $380,000 - $200,000 (her NCC made on 16 September 2016) = $180,000.

What if Jane triggered the bring forward rule in FY2016? Let’s say that Jane makes an NCC of $200,000 in FY2016. If she waits until 1 July 2017 to make another NCC, the transitional cap of $460,000 will apply. That means that Jane can only contribute a further $260,000 ($460,000 -$200,000).

You can see how the timing can result in NCCs of $540,000 versus NCCs of $460,000 or $380,000 depending on whether Jane invoked her bring forward rule in FY2016 or FY2017. What a difference a day or a year can make!

You can see from the above figures that many clients will appreciate being contacted by their advisers to give them a heads-up about this limited window of opportunity, and some clients will almost certainly want to make contributions prior to 1 July 2017.

But in light of the new AFSL regime, advisers will have to be careful in terms of how they convey this information to clients. It’s really important that advisers make themselves familiar with the relevant provisions of the Corporations Act 2001 (Cth) and the Corporations Regulations 2001 (Cth) relating to financial services and financial product advice.

Broadly, if you make a recommendation or provide an opinion that is intended to influence a person in relation to a financial product, or could reasonably be regarded as being intended to have such an influence, then you are providing financial product advice. An SMSF is considered a financial product under these rules.

So how can you keep clients updated on the proposed superannuation reforms if you don’t hold an AFSL, or you hold an AFSL but don’t want to provide a Statement of Advice?

Remember that you don’t need to be within the AFSL regime if you provide factual advice only. Factual advice, according to ASIC, is objective and factual information that is not intended to influence a person’s decision on a financial product. For example, providing a client with a government factsheet on the superannuation reforms (you can find a list of these on the budget website) would be factual advice. But what if a client presses you for further information, like ‘ok, I’ve read the factsheet, but what do the new NCC rules mean for me?’ ASIC RG 244 contains a template for dealing with these sorts of questions, with a handy introduction:

I can give you some factual information about making extra contributions to your superannuation this financial year, but I’m unable to provide you with any advice about contributing to your superannuation fund. If you would like personal advice about contributing to superannuation, I can set up a meeting for you with someone from our financial advice team. [Naturally, this wording could be varied to suit the circumstances as many accountants will need to refer such matters to an adviser who has an AFSL.]

Providing this factual information may then equip the client to make a decision on their own, and the client might then instruct you to assist them to facilitate the contribution to super. If this is indeed execution only (ie, the client has already made up their mind, and simply wants you to make it happen), then an AFSL is not required, but remember to be aware of the necessary disclaimers.

If you’re unsure of what should be included in the disclaimer, the DBA Lawyers non-licensed (AFSL) SMSF Advisers Kit contains templates of various execution only services, including a range of disclaimers that can be used.

Alternatively, the client may press you for a recommendation tailored to their personal circumstances. Making such a recommendation would fall within the AFSL regime and would therefore need to be handled by an appropriately licensed adviser.

For detailed coverage of this topic, you might also want to watch this webinar.

DBA Lawyers can be contacted here.

Tags: 
Smsfs Superannuation

Comments

Be the first one to comment on this article
What would you like to say about this project?